University-Industry Research Connections 2013

Statistics on collaboration across boundaries and borders …

The 2014 update of University-Industry Research Connections will be launched this summer. Keep an eye on the News section on CWTS home page for further announcements.

About UIRC 2013

UIRC 2013 is metrics-based scoreboard on university-industry research 

connections and cooperation. It includes data on the world's top 500 research universities. This data source is affiliated to the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2013 covering the same set of universities.

This particular scoreboard provides free and easy access to a data table with internationally comparative statistics. The information is derived from CWTS analysis of university-industry co-publications (UICs) produced by each university.

Each UIC contains an author affiliate address referring to that ‘source’ university and at least one address referring to a business enterprise. These co-authored publications represent a visible link between a university and industry. They reflect successful research cooperation and other research-related connections with the business sector.

The UICs were extracted from the CWTS edition of Thomson Reuters’ (WoS), an international bibliographical database on peer-reviewed scientific journals and conference proceedings.

The UIC statistics in UIRC 2013 relate to the WoS-indexed sources across the publication years 2008-2011.

The UIRC 2013 is available as an Excel-file: UIRC_2013.xls

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UIC performance indicators

The quantities of WoS-indexed UICs produced by a university define the underlying metrics of the scoreboard. The UIC Volume is based on full counting scheme, whereby each UIC is assigned in full to all main organizations – universities and business enterprises – indicated in the author address list.

Two UIC metrics are defined:

  • UIC Intensity (‘%UICs’): percentage of UICs within the total CWTS/WoS-indexed publication output, reflecting size-corrected UIRC activity (referred to as ‘Prop_Pubs_U-I Collab’ in the Leiden Ranking 2013)
  • Domestic industrial partners (‘Domestic UICs’): percentage of UICs with co-authoring business enterprises located within the same country (this indicator is not included in the Leiden Ranking 2013).

Technical specifications on each indicator are available in the Technical Notes .

Field delimitations

The UIC scores are computed across all fields of science collectively, 

as well as by individual broad field of science. These five broad fields are identical to those used in the :

  • Computer sciences and mathematics;
  • Natural sciences and engineering;
  • Life and earth sciences;
  • Biomedical and health sciences;
  • Social sciences and humanities.

The extremely low numbers of Domestic UICs in many broad fields may introduce a false precision with regard to ‘% Domestic UICs’. To avoid over-interpretation of this statistic these shares are presented as three percentage bands: <25%; 25-75%; >75%.

Further information on the definition and delineation of these fields as well as other detailed information on the UIRC 2013 methodology, including its novel features compared to UIRC 2011/2012, are described in the Technical Notes.

CWTS publications on UIC data

Tijssen, R.J.W., Co-authored research publications and strategic analysis of public-private collaboration, Research Evaluation, 21, 204-215, 2012.

Tijssen, R.J.W., Joint research publications: a performance indicator of university-industry collaboration, Evaluation in Higher Education, 5, 19-40, 2011/12.

Tijssen, R.J.W., T.N van Leeuwen, and E. van Wijk, Benchmarking university-industry research cooperation worldwide: performance measurements and indicators based on co-authorship data for the world’s largest universities, Research Evaluation, 18, 13-24. 2009.

Inaccuracies and anomalies ?

CWTS is committed to producing high quality data. While our data-collection and data-analysis processes are designed to minimize the risk of missing data and computational errors, UICR statistics may nonetheless include minor inaccuracies or anomalies.  Universities are invited to point out possible errors and assist us in validation or rectification.

Further information

For technical questions, general comments, or for information on customized UIRC-based information products, please contact:
Prof. Dr. Robert Tijssen
Center for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS)
Leiden University
The Netherlands
T: +31 71 5273960
F: +31 71 5273911

Would you like to have more UIRC 2013 data for free?

Are you interested to know about your own university’s UIRC profile? And would you like to receive additional UIRC data free of charge?

Contact Robert Tijssen (Professor of Science and Innovation Studies at CWTS)

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