Dr. Gaston Heimeriks is a senior research fellow at the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) at Leiden University. He is also Assistant Professor at the Department of Innovation Studies, Copernicus Institute, Utrecht University. Gaston is currently vice president and member of the Executive Committee of the Eu-SPRI Forum (European Forum for Studies of Policies for Research and Innovation). His interdisciplinary research efforts focus on understanding the knowledge dynamics arising from the co-evolution of science, economy and societal institutions. Knowledge is the fundamental engine driving new inventions, economic growth, and the ability to address grand societal challenges. How can we understand the ability of geographic regions, economic sectors and scientific fields to solve problems, to innovate, and to develop new ideas?