Centre for Science and Technology Studies

The Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) studies the dynamics of scientific research and its connections to technology, innovation and society. This means studying scientific and academic research from a scientific point of view.


Our research is organized into three chairs for full professors and has five working groups on key research themes.

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Training & Education

We offer a range of courses on using bibliometric analyses for research management and research evaluation.

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Products & services

Our products and services are organized into three categories: Monitoring & Evaluation, Advanced Analytics, and Training & Education.

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  • UK universities and European industry: inseparable research partners?

    Universities and their business sector partners (‘industry’) are at the heart of the UK science and innovation system. Many university-industry interactions (UIIs) start with, or are supported by, joint research between academic researchers and industry R&D staff employed by research-active business enterprises. Close personal relationships between individuals may also arise from the job mobility of postdocs, researchers or professors who cross over from academia and the corporate sector, or from those with temporary or part-time affiliations on either side.

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  • The end of gender disparities in science? If only it were true...

    There has been a resurgence of interest in the last few years regarding gender disparities and bias in science.

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  • Use of the journal impact factor for assessing individual articles need not be wrong

    Without any doubt, the journal impact factor (IF) is one of the most debated scientometric indicators. Especially the use of the IF for assessing individual articles and their authors is highly controversial. Most scientometricians reject this way of using the IF. They argue that the IF tells something about a journal as a whole and that it is statistically incorrect to extend its interpretation to individual articles in a journal. The well-known San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment, which has received widespread support in the scientific community, also strongly objects against the use of the IF at the level of individual articles. Even Clarivate Analytics, the company that calculates the IF, advices against IF-based assessment of individual articles.

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